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There are four "ARKS" mentioned in the Bible. (1) the ark of Noah. (2) the ark that Moses was put into by his mother and floated on the river. (3) The ark of wood that God told Moses to make to hold the 10 commandments when he brought them down from Mt. Sinai. (4) the Ark of the Covenant covered on all sides with gold that was in the Holy of Holies in the Tabernacle of Moses. Three of the arks were associated with Moses. The Ark of the Covenant stands alone as the most holy of all the items in the Tabernacle. It was the Ark that represented the very Presence of God. The Ark was a box that contained the 10 commandments. The Ark itself had no top lid but was covered with the Mercy Seat. The Mercy Seat was called "the propitiatory" and was the place the blood was sprinkled on the Day of Atonement. The Mercy Seat had two Cherubim made one piece with it. They stood with their wings spread over the Mercy Seat. God said He would meet with Moses and speak with him from between the two Cherubim, above the Mercy Seat above the Ark of the Covenant. The cloud of glory that covered Israel during their travels in the wilderness descended into the Tent of Meeting and stood above the Ark. The presence and the glory of God was associated with the Ark of the Covenant and the Most Holy Place. EXO 25:10 "And they shall construct an ark of acacia wood two and a half cubits long, and one and a half cubits wide, and one and a half cubits high. EXO 25:11 "And you shall overlay it with pure gold, inside and out you shall overlay it, and you shall make a gold molding around it. EXO 25:12 "And you shall cast four gold rings for it, and fasten them on its four feet, and two rings shall be on one side of it and two rings on the other side of it. EXO 25:13 "And you shall make poles of acacia wood and overlay them with gold. EXO 25:14 "And you shall put the poles into the rings on the sides of the ark, to carry the ark with them. EXO 25:15 "The poles shall remain in the rings of the ark; they shall not be removed from it. EXO 25:16 "And you shall put into the ark the testimony which I shall give you. EXO 25:17 "And you shall make a mercy seat of pure gold, two and a half cubits long and one and a half cubits wide. EXO 25:18 "And you shall make two cherubim of gold, make them of hammered work at the two ends of the mercy seat. EXO 25:19 "And make one cherub at one end and one cherub at the other end; you shall make the cherubim {of one piece} with the mercy seat at its two ends. EXO 25:20 "And the cherubim shall have {their} wings spread upward, covering the mercy seat with their wings and facing one another; the faces of the cherubim are to be {turned} toward the mercy seat. EXO 25:21 "And you shall put the mercy seat on top of the ark, and in the ark you shall put the testimony which I shall give to you. EXO 25:22 "And there I will meet with you; and from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubim which are upon the ark of the testimony, I will speak to you about all that I will give you in commandment for the sons of Israel. The pure gold speaks about God's person, God's nature and character and God's purpose. The gold speaks about divinity while the wood speaks about humanity. We could say the Ark speaks to us about humanity clothed with Divinity. The Mercy Seat was made of pure gold and contained no wood. This reveals that mercy is wholly from God. We have no revelation of the two Cherubim that were one with the Mercy Seat. They were pure gold with no wood. Therefore, they are not human in origin. We reject any interpretation that they represent two of the trinity because God forbid Israel to make any images or representations of God. DEU 4:15 "So watch yourselves carefully, since you did not see any form on the day the Lord spoke to you at Horeb from the midst of the fire, DEU 4:16 lest you act corruptly and make a graven image for yourselves in the form of any figure, the likeness of male or female, We know that the Ark speaks to us of Jesus Christ but is not an image of Jesus Christ. REV 11:19 And the temple of God which is in heaven was opened; and the ark of His covenant appeared in His temple, and there were flashes of lightning and sounds and peals of thunder and an earthquake and a great hailstorm. We also know that Jesus was Immanuel or God with us. God spoke to Israel through Jesus Christ. HEB 1:1 God, after He spoke long ago to the fathers in the prophets in many portions and in many ways, HEB 1:2 in these last days has spoken to us in {His} Son, whom He appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the world. Jesus Christ was TRUE HUMANITY CLOTHED WITH DIVINITY. This cannot be said of the Father or the Holy Spirit. The poles were forbidden to be removed from the Ark. This indicates that the Ark had not reached it's final resting place in the Tabernacle of Moses. The poles were not removed when the Ark was put into the temple of Solomon. This indicates that the Ark had not reached it's final resting place in Solomon's temple. 2CH 5:8 For the cherubim spread their wings over the place of the ark, so that the cherubim made a covering over the ark and its poles. 2CH 5:9 And the poles were so long that the ends of the poles of the ark could be seen in front of the inner sanctuary, but they could not be seen outside; and they are there to this day. Jeremiah had the revelation that the physical, earthly Ark of the Covenant would no longer be sought after or held in such high esteem. He saw that the reality and the fulfillment of the Ark would come. JER 3:16 "And it shall be in those days when you are multiplied and increased in the land," declares the Lord, "they shall say no more, 'The ark of the covenant of the Lord.' And it shall not come to mind, nor shall they remember it, nor shall they miss {it,} nor shall it be made again. JER 3:17 "At that time they shall call Jerusalem 'The Throne of the Lord,' and all the nations will be gathered to it, to Jerusalem, for the name of the Lord; nor shall they walk anymore after the stubbornness of their evil heart. The only piece of furniture in the Most Holy Place was the Ark of the Covenant, with the Mercy Seat which included the two cherubim. We see the eternal fulfillment of the Ark is Jerusalem. Jerusalem will be called "the Throne of God". The Ark was the place of God's earthly throne in the Tabernacle of Moses and the Temple of Solomon. In future days Jerusalem will be called "the Throne of God". This will be true in the Millennium rule of Christ but will also be true of the New Jerusalem which will be the Most Holy Place in the Tabernacle of God. The throne of God will be there. REV 22:1 And he showed me a river of the water of life, clear as crystal, coming from the throne of God and of the Lamb, REV 22:3 And there shall no longer be any curse; and the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it, ( the New Jerusalem) and His bond-servants shall serve Him; REV 22:4 and they shall see His face, and His name {shall be} on their foreheads. It is little wonder that when the Throne of God is manifested no one will miss the Ark of the Covenant which was made with human hands. The final fulfillment of the reality of the Ark of the Covenant, which was shadow, will not come until the New Earth, the Heavens, and the New Jerusalem are manifest. When the Tabernacle of God is complete, the New Jerusalem will be the Most Holy Place and the Throne of God. The whole study of the New Jerusalem may be included with this study of the Ark of the Covenant. This is seen in the study called "The Glorious Presentation". However, we should investigate the mercy seat as a picture of Jesus Christ. The Covenant being only fulfilled in the New Covenant. We should note that the two cherubim are pure gold with no wood and that God speaks between these two and that is the place of ground zero of the glory of God. They both face the mercy seat and are continually looking upon that seat of mercy. The blood was sprinkled on the mercy seat on the Day of Atonement as a covering for the corporate sins of Israel done in ignorance. Over the mercy seat we see three presences. One cherubim on the left, the glory of God in the middle and the second cherubim on the right. It is logical to believe that they each speak of the presence of God since only pure gold is mentioned with no wood. While Israel was forbidden to make any idols depicting God's form all was hidden from the sight of all Israel by several coverings. We know there was a certain power manifested by the presence of the Ark because Israel carried it into battle. As long as Israel was serving God in an acceptable manner the power of the Ark was manifested in Israel's favor. It only seems reasonable that the cherubim and the glory speak of the Spirit of Christ, the glory of the Father and the Holy Spirit. No other explanation can fit into the facts presented. All this is beyond the realm of angels and men. Probably the dumbest interpretation is that the two cherubim speak of some ministry done by men. I.E. Prophets and Apostles in full agreement with Christ who is the mercy seat and that God speaks between these two ministries. If they were made of wood that might be something to consider. We know that the Ark is Jesus Christ because that is revealed in Rev. 11:19. We also know that Jesus Christ is our propitiation or mercy seat. ROM 3:25 whom God displayed publicly as a propitiation in His blood through faith. {This was} to demonstrate His righteousness, because in the forbearance of God He passed over the sins previously committed; 1JO 2:2 and He Himself is the propitiation for our sins; and not for ours only, but also for {those of} the whole world. 1JO 4:10 In this is love, not that we loved God, but that He loved us and sent His Son {to be} the propitiation for our sins. The "propitiatory" is translated as "the mercy seat". Since Jesus Christ was fully man the Ark was wood covered with gold. Since He was the perfect sacrifice the Mercy seat is pure gold with no wood. However, we have to ask why the Cherubim are pure gold with no wood? They must be The Eternal Word of God (the Spirit of Christ) and the Eternal Spirit of God ( the Holy Spirit). Between these the Glory of God appears and God speaks. PSA 80:1 (For the choir director; {set to} El Shoshannim; Eduth. A Psalm of Asaph.) Oh, give ear, Shepherd of Israel, Thou who dost lead Joseph like a flock; Thou who art enthroned {above} the cherubim, shine forth! PSA 99:1 The Lord reigns, let the peoples tremble; He is enthroned {above} the cherubim, let the earth shake! In both these references to the cherubim the word "above" has been added and not part of the original language. That gives a whole different perspective. God the Father certainly speaks by the Eternal Word and He speaks by the Eternal Spirit. While Jesus Christ is fully human overlaid with Divinity, the Word of God made flesh, The Eternal Word of God is fully Divine, the same as the Holy Spirit. JOH 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. JOH 1:2 He was in the beginning with God. The Word is God but He is not the Father and He is not the Holy Spirit. God is seen as the Father, the Word and the Holy Spirit. Could that suggest The Glory with the two Cherubim? Since the Most Holy Place is speaking of the fulfillment of all that God foreordained before the foundation of the world, it alone takes on a unique position. This is seen more clearly in the reality which is the New Jerusalem, the wife of the Lamb. However, if the bride was the interpretation of the one cherubim and Jesus Christ, the Bridegroom, the other cherubim, there would have to be wood someplace in the cherubim. I don't believe " sitting on the throne with Jesus" is depicted in the cherubim. The writer of Hebrews said he couldn't talk about the Cherubim in detail but says nothing at all. From this we can learn that it probably will not affect our lives or our eternal destiny if we don't know exactly what they mean. However, mysteries are for revealing. PRO 25:2 It is the glory of God to conceal a matter, But the glory of kings is to search out a matter.